Diseases & Fungus

Take All Patch Grass

Take-all Patch

Initially small, light-brown dead patches appear on turf resembling Fusarium. Once Take-all Patch is established, the patches continue to grow throughout the year, causing turf to appear a bronze to red colour and fade out to brown. In cooler times of the year the patches can be grey. Patches may grow to 15 cm per …

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Yellow Slime Mould

Slime Mould

Slime Mould affects all turfgrass species and can take on various appearances from a dusty spore to yellow spheres like caviar. It can smother grass blades, turning them grey, pink, purple, white or yellow. The affected turf forms patches up to 60 cm in diameter and it grows outwards, yet there is no immediate damage …

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Spring Dead Spot

Spring Dead Spot

The first symptoms of Spring Dead Spot can appear in lower soil temperatures when growth is slow to dormant,  depending on the season as early as late Autumn as we have seen recently. Traditionally it was found often in late winter and spring, when turf resumes its growth and will present circular, bleached dead patches. …

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Rust Grass Source Iaea Imagebank

Rust

Rusts are fungal diseases that involve many different strains and affect a wide variety of plants, including grasses. Most warm and cool season turfgrass species are susceptible to Rust diseases, the turf health is irrelevant as it will also attack a healthy plant. Orange spores appear underneath the leaves, making Rust easy to identify. The …

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Pythium Blight

Pythium Blight

Pythium blight first appears as small, irregularly shaped spots ranging from 12 mm to 100 mm in diameter. Leaves appear water-soaked in appearance at first, then shrivelled. Diseased patches fade to a light-brown or grey colour. Groups of spots frequently join together. At times, the shape of the affected areas may resemble elongated streaks. Both …

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Black Helminthosporium

Black or White Helminthosporium (Black or White Helmo)

Message Lawn Addicts for further advice on other fungicides and lawn care products, available online. Black or White Helminthosporium (Helmo) is a common black or white leaf spot disease which is actually caused by Drechslera, Curvulari, Bipolaris and Exserohilum species of fungi. The disease cycle is generally short, as it requires extended periods of leaf wetness …

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Fusarium Grass

Fusarsium Patch

Fusarsium Patch is found in warm season and cool season  grasses like wintergrass, bent grass, fescue, ryegrass, Kentucky Bluegrass and low mown Kikuyu in cooler climates. Initially round patches appear as small, water-soaked spots less than 5 cm in diameter. They then change in colour from orange-brown to dark brown and finally to a light grey. …

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Fairy ring Mushrooms

Fairy Ring

Fairy Ring occurs in all turfgrasses and symptoms vary with the fungal species involved. Circular or arc-shaped rings of darker or faster-growing turf appears in moist turf. A concentric ring of dead grass may develop inside the circle of lush grass. The size of the rings can vary from a few centimetres to indefinitely large, …

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Root Infecting Fungi

ERI or Ectotrophic Root Infecting Fungi

Also referred to as Couchgrass Decline, turf grass symptoms of ERI disease start by thinning out of the surface and can include straw-coloured patches that range in size from 30 cm to 1 metre in diameter. Ectotrophic root-infecting fungi (ERI fungi) are a factor in causing patchiness and poor root health in couch grass. The term …

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Dollar Spot Grass

Dollar Spot

The first symptoms of Dollar Spot are small, circular and sunken patches in the lawn. Usually smaller than 6 to 7 cm in diameter, the patches are a pale and bleached colour, as a result of straw-coloured lesions that run down the blade. As the disease becomes more severe, the patches merge into larger irregular …

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Brown Patch

Brown Patch

Brown Patch appears as a round patch that can range in size from a few centimetres to a metre in diameter. The disease occurs on cool season and warm season turf grass species. At temperatures around 15 to 20°C, the spores germinate and begin to grow. When night temperatures are consistently above 20°C and moisture …

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Anthracnose disease

Anthracnose

Anthracnose is a selection of fungal diseases that either attacks the roots and/or the foliage. It is quite invasive in warm, humid environments. The diseases often follow a common symptom pattern. Basal rot is where the disease affects crown and root tissue, whereas the key disease affecting the leaves is foliar blight. Basal rot is …

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